Entries in evictions (18)


Evictions of Homeless Earthquake Victims: How the Government Treats the Most Vulnerable in Haiti

By Etant Dupain

Nearly three years after the earthquake in Haiti, nearly 400,000 people remain humiliated and forgotten in camps, while at the same time impoverished urban neighborhoods – slums or bidonvil – have grown and sprung up in new places. Since the arrival of the new government and President Martelly, there has been a strategy of forced systematic evictions, that have exacerbated the problem, feeling like injury upon injury for the victims of the January 12 earthquake who continue to live in camps.

It isn’t a secret that President Martelly does not believe people are living in tents because they are homeless. He stated this himself in an interview with Al Jazeera. Martelly said:

“people leave their homes, they come under the tents because they know because they know that there they are going to have free food, free water, free assistance and they won’t be paying rent, they won’t be paying electricity. So some people are living under the tents but it’s more of a business deal than actually living under the tents.” (see the video of President Martelly here, begins around minute 43) 

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Is There Hope for Haiti's Homeless? Al Jazeera Inside Story

Director of Let Haiti Live at TransAfrica, Melinda Miles, joined Jean Yves Point-du-Jour and Kevin Edmonds from the Canada Haiti Action Network to talk about the situation for Haiti's homeless more than two years after the earthquake. Take a look at the conversation on Al Jazeera's Inside Story. 

"Even before the earthquake struck Haiti, in a country of just ten million, hundreds of thousands were in need of housing. But after the quake the housing problem turned into a crisis, with nearly half of the homes in the capital suffering significant damage. The International Organization of Migration (IOM) says that the number of homeless is down from a peak of around 1.5 million to 400,000, which is a significant drop. So why are Haitians still angry? President Michel Martelly, along with the IOM, launched a housing program giving camp residents $500 in rental subsidies for a year."

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Amnesty International Urgent Action: Threatened Forced Evictions in Jalousie, Haiti

The Haitian authorities are preparing to evict some 450 families living in the capital, Port-au-Prince, claiming their homes are at risk of landslide. They have not consulted the families, or offered them adequate alternative accommodation or adequate compensation.

The 450 families live in the Jalousie neighbourhood, in the municipality of Petionville on a hillside overlooking Port-au-Prince. They have not been consulted, and have not been offered adequate alternative accommodation or adequate compensation.

Ministry of Environment officials went into Jalousie with police officers on 21 June and marked 450 houses for demolition within 15 days. They did not present a court order for the eviction or any other legal notice, and told the residents nothing about why their houses were to be demolished.

The Minister of Environment subsequently went on Haitian radio to declare that the houses are in an area vulnerable to landslides. The residents have also heard that the authorities have apparently offered 100,000 gourdes (approximately US$2,500) to all those who own their houses and 20,000 gourdes (approximately US$500) to those who are renting.

Residents, many of whom have lived in Jalousie for decades, told Amnesty International that they themselves had built the community and its infrastructure, including roads, houses, businesses and access to electricity. They said that if there are environmental concerns, the government should engage them in meaningful consultation instead of forcing them out of their homes without providing adequate alternative accommodation or adequate compensation.

Please write immediately in French or your own language: 

  • Calling on the authorities to halt immediately the threatened forced eviction of residents of Jalousie, who have not been consulted or offered adequate alternative accommodation or adequate compensation; 
  • Urging them to open a meaningful consultation with the community to explain the environmental concerns and discuss adequate alternative accommodation and adequate compensation. 

Michel Joseph Martelly 
Palais National 
Rue Magny, Port-au-Prince, Haiti 
Fax: + 1 202-745-7215 (via Haiti embassy in the USA) 
Twitter: @MichelJMartelly "Calling on Haitian President @MichelJMartelly to stop illegal forced evictions in Jalousie #Haiti Please RT" 
Salutation: Monsieur le Président/ 
Dear President 

Minister of the Environment 
Joseph Ronald Toussaint 
Ministre de l’Environnement 
Ministère de l’Environnement 
4 Impasse Acajou, Rue Pomeyrac 
Delmas 95, Petion-ville 
Salutation: Monsieur le Ministre/ 
Dear Minister 

Also send copies to diplomatic representatives accredited to your country. Please insert local diplomatic addresses below: 
Name Address 1 Address 2 Address 3 Fax Fax number Email Email address Salutation Salutation         

Please check with your section office if sending appeals after the above date. 



ADditional Information

Jalousie’s population of approximately 60,000 has increased substantially since the devastating January 2010 earthquake. More than 400,000 people still live in makeshift tents in the capital and surrounding areas, many of whom are at risk of forced eviction. 
Name:  450 families 
Gender: both 

UA: 213/12 Index: AMR 36/007/2012 Issue Date: 17 July 2012 


URGENT ACTION: Forced Evictions at Camp Mormon

Amnesty International, May 21: Three hundred families who were left homeless after the January 2010 earthquake face imminent forced eviction from their makeshift camp in Port-au-Prince. Amnesty International is concerned that if evicted they will once again be left homeless.
Residents of Camp Mormon in the municipality of Delmas in Port-au-Prince are at imminent risk of forced eviction. Camp residents told Amnesty International delegates that at 3 am on 14 May, approximately 20 men, including local municipal officials, entered the camp and warned them that they would be forcibly evicted in 15 days time if they did not vacate the land. Some of the men were armed and they opened fire on a group of camp residents, four of whom sustained injuries whilst trying to run for cover. Prior to this incident, residents of Camp Mormon have received numerous threats of eviction and of violence if they did not comply. On 8 February, local municipal officials accompanied by armed men threatened to burn down the camp and shoot residents if they did not leave. Camp residents have filed complaints at the Prosecutor’s Office in relation to both these incidents.

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Homeless Haitian Families Face Intimidation and Forced Eviction from Church Property

During a protest against the eviction of families at Delmas 19, Camp Django, one sign read: "Justice for People Under Tents".By: Etant Dupain

Several hundred families are facing threat of forced eviction in a camp called Grace Village in the neighborhood of Carrefour (Kafou) just to the southwest of Port-au-Prince, Haiti.  The camp for internally displaced people (IDPs) is on the property of Pastor Joel Jeune, brother of former presidential candidate Chavannes Jeune. Amnesty International has issued an urgent action alert on behalf of the resident of the Grace Village camp.

For nearly a year, hundreds of families who have lived in the camp since January 2010 have suffered intimidation and threats of eviction from the Grace Village property without an alternative place to go.

Pastor Joel Jeune, the landowner, created a committee to manage the camp. The head of the committee is Marc Antoine, a deportee known for criminal acts, and he is widely feared by the homeless families living in the camp.

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